I cut my teeth as an historian with a doctoral thesis on ‘Chartism in London’, supervised by Eric Hobsbawm and published as London Chartism, 1838-1848 (1982), and I have retained a specialist interest in the Chartist movement.

More recently, however, I have become increasingly known as an authority on anarchism.

But for many years I taught a series of interdisciplinary courses on Victorian studies, combining social and political history, literature, art history and architecture.

I worked for the School of Continuing Education (under its varying names), University of Leeds, from 1969 until it was closed (for financial - certainly not academic - reasons) in 2005. I was then, 2006-7, Helen Cam Visiting Fellow in History, Girton College, Cambridge. From September 2007 I have been fully retired, although it frequently doesn't seem much like it.

For more autobiography, see 'Texts'.

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